International Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Foundation©

"Dedicated To Helping RSD/CRPS Patients Worldwide"

Principles of Addiction

Doctor Hooshmand and I have co-authored the following article: The Four Principles of Addiction.

Below is an abstract from the article The Four Principles of Addiction.

Please click on the link below to view the full text of this article in PDF-format.

The Four Principles of Addiction



H. Hooshmand, M.D. and Eric M. Phillips

Neurological Associates Pain Management Center

Vero Beach, FL


Abstract. Addiction is a hindrance in the long term treatment of complex regional pain syndrome(CRPS) because addiction in itself aggravates CRPS, causes stress in the sympathetic nervous system resulting in more severe Sympathetic dysfunction, and results in perpetual presence of rebound (withdrawal) pain.

Descriptors. addiction, competition, destruction, complex regional pain syndrome(CRPS), rebound phenomenon, tolerance, withdrawal pain.